Follow all local, national, and international laws when collecting
seed. Many areas have special protection status
and prohibit collecting seeds without collection permits. It
responsibility to be sure all laws are being observed. The ICPS can
not provide an interpretation of the various laws and does not
authorize members to collect on behalf of the ICPS.
The reason for the laws and this ICPS policy is to help assure
carnivorous plants will continue to exist in natural environments.
Carnivorous plants are often in small populations. The removal
of seed can reduce
of a site
the long-term viability of native plant populations. Even plants that once
existed in large, landscape-level stands are being reduced to small, fragmented
populations because of human pressures.
Wild Seed Collection Etiquette:
- Gather only enough seed to establish the plant in your
own and a colleague’s collection. Use the collected seed as
parental stock to produce seed for the ICPS seed bank.
- Minimize your collection impacts by removing only a small
percentage of the total seeds available from a site. A
good rule of thumb is to collect seeds from only 1 in 50 fruiting
do not collect if less than a total of 50 plants occur
in a site. It is particularly important not to over-collect seed
that reproduce primarily by seed. Small amounts of seed
from several plants is better than a large amount of seed from
plant, since the genetic diversity in the collection will
be higher, and is more likely to result in capturing a plant
amenable to cultivation.
- When collecting, proceed slowly and cautiously through
the site to minimize your trampling and disturbance of plants
their habitat. Take care to correctly label all the seeds
you collect, and do not confuse collections of separate species.
- Do not collect seeds if you cannot distinguish between
mature and immature seed. Maintain collected seed in appropriate
and environmental conditions.
- We encourage you to provide accurate location information
for all seed bank donations of seed collections and subsequent
offspring. The ICPS will only publish seed provenance information
to county (or equivalent) resolution.
- The ICPS maintains an “Imperiled Carnivorous Plant Species
List” of plants considered particularly at risk. The list
is included below. The ICPS seed bank will not accept field
seed of listed plants. Seeds from cultivated plants on this
list will be accepted to the seed bank if they are donated
with all relevant laws.
- Anonymous donations of species listed on the Imperiled
Carnivorous Plant Species List will not be distributed by the
ICPS seed bank.
The ICPS recognizes and appreciates the comments provided by staff
of the US Fish & Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, and
Natural Heritage Programs in developing these guidelines.
Appendix: Imperiled Carnivorous Plant Species List
Dionaea muscipula Soland. ex Ellis: Note B
Drosera regia Stephens: Note B
Nepenthes aristolochioides Jebb & Cheek: Note A
Nepenthes bellii Kondo: Note A
Nepenthes boschiana Korth.: Note A
Nepenthes burbidgeae Hook.f. ex Burb.: Note A
Nepenthes campanulata Kurata: Note C
Nepenthes clipeata Danser: Note A
Nepenthes dubia Danser: Note A
Nepenthes gracillima Ridl.: Note A
Nepenthes lavicola Wistuba & Rischer: Note A
Nepenthes macrophylla (Marabini) Jebb & Cheek: Note A
Nepenthes masoalensis Schmid-Hollinger: Note A
Nepenthes murudensis Culham ex M. Jebb & M. Cheek: Note A
Nepenthes paniculata Danser: Note A
Nepenthes pilosa Danser: Note A
Nepenthes rajah Hook. f.: Note A
Nepenthes talangensis J. Nerz & A. Wistuba: Note A
Nepenthes truncata Macfarlane: Note A
Pinguicula ionantha Godfr.: Note B,D
Sarracenia alabamensis Case & Case (=Sarracenia rubra subsp. alabamensis (Case & Case)
Schnell): Note B,D
Sarracenia jonesii Wherry (=Sarracenia rubra subsp. jonesii (Wherry) Wherry):
Sarracenia oreophila (Kearney) Wherry: Note A,D
Sarracenia purpurea subsp. purpurea f. heterophylla (Eaton) Fern.: Note B
Sarracenia purpurea subsp. venosa var. montana Schnell & Determann: Note
Sarracenia rubra subsp. gulfensis Schnell: Note B
Note A: Listed on the IUCN Red List as “Critically Endangered“ or “Endangered.”
Note B: Not listed on the IUCN Red List as “Critically Endangered“ or “Endangered”,
but included at the discretion of the ICPS Conservation Program.
Listed on the IUCN Red List as “Extinct,” this species has been
rediscovered in the wild.
Note D: This taxon falls under protection
by CITES (Appendix 1) and/or the
USA Endangered Species Act.